Photo by Andrii Nesterenko | Bucha, a suburb of Kyiv. April 14, 2022 | Ukrainian forensic investigators recovering bodies from mass graves at the church of Saint Andrew the Apostle.
On 21 April 2022, Human Rights Watch published an extensive report that summarized their investigation in Bucha: it implicated Russian troops in summary executions, other unlawful killings, enforced disappearances, and torture. Evidence of war crimes seems to be present; the targeting of civilians and the siege of the port city of Mariupol appear to be crimes against humanity. Putin bestowed honors on the Russian military brigade that Ukraine has accused of massacring civilians in Bucha.